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Who, what, why, and how

What is Biofeedback?

Biofeedback is a process that enables an individual to learn how to change physiological activity for the purposes of improving health and performance. Precise instruments measure physiological activity such as brainwaves, heart function, breathing, muscle activity, and skin temperature. These instruments rapidly and accurately "feed back" information to the user. The presentation of this information often in conjunction with changes in thinking, emotions, and behavior supports desired physiological changes. Over time, these changes can endure without continued use of an instrument. (www.isnr.org)

What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback (NFB) is biofeedback for the brain. Biofeedback is a process by which a person learns to voluntarily control some physical function that is not normally under conscious control. A person learns how to change brain waves during Neurofeedback.

The International Society for Neurofeedback and Research (www.isnr.org) defines NFB as:

Like other forms of biofeedback, NFT uses monitoring devices to provide moment-to-moment information to an individual on the state of their physiological functioning. The characteristic that distinguishes NFT from other biofeedback is a focus on the central nervous system and the brain. Neurofeedback training (NFT) has its foundations in basic and applied neuroscience as well as data-based clinical practice. It takes into account behavioral, cognitive, and subjective aspects as well as brain activity. Thus, it meets the American Psychological Association's definition of an evidence-based intervention since NFT is "...the integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preference."

What forms of NFB do you offer?

We offer NFB that can help you change:

  • Amplitudes (increase or decrease the strength) of the waves. One use of this is to train down the slower wave amplitudes to help you increase attention. If you have low amplitudes in certain frequencies, as often happens in addictions, we can teach you to train those waves up.
  • Coherence is the name given to the timing between sites in the brain. The brain may have sufficient strength (amplitude) but the sending and receiving sites may not spend enough time consistently in actual contact to complete the communication. Or the sites may spend so much time communicating that each area does not have enough time to do its own specialized job.
  • Phase refers the speed of transmission between two sites. If the speed is too slow or too fast then the receiving neurons may not be ready and open to receiving the information. Thus the information is "lost" and the transmission has to be repeated over and over again. This is very inefficient.
  • Symmetry training refers to the balance in the amplitudes between sites. This is often part of training for helping symptoms of depression.
  • Blood Flow/Oxygenation which is called Hemoencephalography.
  • We are proud to offer LORETA NEUROFEEDBACK.  See Articles Section

Other forms of Biofeedback that we offer are heart rate coherence, also known as Freeze Framer or Heartmath.



What happens during a Neurofeedback session?

A computer monitors your brainwaves in one or more of the dimensions mentioned above, in real time. It does this through the sensors on your scalp. Nothing is ever placed inside your body. This is completely non-invasive. The computer will be set to values that are designed to give you a successful experience and move you toward your goals in your healing journey. When you are successful you will hear a sound, or see movement on the screen or see a change in colors or even hear music. In many cases we can use your own music CDs as a reward.


How will I know when I am being successful?


Every time you hear the sound, see the colors change or see movement, you are being successful in rewarding your brain toward health.


Why does Neurofeedback take time to be effective?


Sometimes you will feel different after one session, but even if you do sense something different (most people do not), it takes time to be effective. The reason is that we are teaching your brain different patterns. You have been practicing these patterns for years 24/7/365 so it takes some time for the brain to "get it" that you want to change. It changes through repetition. Otherwise, it thinks what is happening is a short term or special situation and returns to what it thinks is "normal" but is really just what is familiar to it.


If I do not think I am changing fast enough, what should I do?


First discuss this with your therapist. Some changes in the screen design might be needed. It is important that you communicate with your therapist.

Second, you can ask the therapist to calculate the trends over time, if there have been enough sessions to trend reliably. In most cases a trend line will show up and down changes, but the slope of the line graph will be in one direction.

Third, changes in your life, family, medications, illnesses, having multiple disorders, attitude and absences are all factors that may make change occur more slowly.

Fourth, before you actually see a change in your life, your EEG will change. Your therapist can tell you if that is happening.


Are the results of Neurofeedback permanent?


In most cases, yes it is. In general anything that may harm your brain may contribute to undoing the effects of Neurofeedback.

See www.isnr.org and our Articles Section for more information.

"This is the first thraining session for this boy using a form of neurofeedback called Hemoencephalography Neurofeedback. This little boy does not speak English. He does understand some language. His job is to keep the music going and the light flashing and as he does that his brain is being trained toward normal function."

What are some of the conditions that Neurofeedback has been used to help?

·         Attention Deficit (ADD/ADHD)
·         Depression
·         Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD),
·         Seizure Disorders
·         Autistic Spectrum Disorders
·         Aspergers Syndrome
·         Anxiety
·         Addictions
·         Headaches
·         Tinnitus
·         Learning Disabilities
·         Stroke Rehabilitation
·         Brain Injury
·    Memory Difficulties

But what do I do to make it work?


this video:




Neurofeedback, LORETA, attention deficit disorder, ADD, ADHD,hyperactivity, Aspergers, autism, depression, anxiety, DAN doctor, Neurology